Yle is Finland's national public service broadcasting company. Yle operates four national television channels and six radio channels and services complemented by 25 regional radio programmes.
In 2012 Yle TV1 was the most popular television channel in Finland. Yle's share of daily television viewing was 42,2%. Yle Radio Suomi also kept its position as dominant market leader and Yle's radio listening share remained in 53%. Yle programmes and content reach 95% of Finnish people weekly.
The public considers Yle to be a reliable source of news and current affairs. The company plays a major role in producing and presenting programmes dealing with national arts, educational programmes and children's programmes. Yle's services to the public also cover special and minority groups.
Yle's operations are financed by Public broadcasting tax which replaced TV licenses at the beginning of 2013. The maximum amount of this tax is €140 per year.
The company is 99.9% state-owned and supervised by an Administrative Council appointed by Parliament, and operates under the Act on Yleisradio Oy.
The company shall be responsible for the provision of comprehensive television and radio programming with the related additional and extra services for all citizens under equal conditions. These and other content services related to public service may be provided in all telecommunications networks.
The public service programming shall in particular:
1) support democracy and everyone’s opportunity to participate by providing a wide variety of information, opinions and debates as well as opportunities to interact;
2) produce, create, develop and maintain Finnish culture, art and inspiring entertainment;
3) take educational and equality aspects into consideration in the programmes, provide an opportunity to learn and study, give focus on programming for children and young people, and offer devotional programmes;
4) treat in its broadcasting Finnish-speaking and Swedish-speaking citizens on equal grounds and produce services in the Sami, Romany, and sign languages as well as, where applicable, in the languages of other language groups in the country;
5) support tolerance and multiculturalism and provide programming for minority and special groups;
6) promote cultural interaction and provide programming directed abroad; and
7) broadcast official announcements, for which further provisions shall be issued by decree, and make provision for television and radio broadcasting in exceptional circumstances.
Act on Yleisradio Oy, Section7, Public Service (Updated on 10th August 2012).
Yle in a nutshell
- A public service broadcasting company owned by the Finnish people, funded by a special yle tax from Janyary 2013. Yle's operations are governed by the Act on Yleisradio Oy (Finnish Broadcasting Company).
- Four television channels, one simulcast HD-channel, six radio channels, and the most extensive and varied online selection of television and radio programmes in the country.
- 25 regional radio stations and regional news from eight distrcts.
- Yle also plays a major role in producing and presenting programmes dealing with national arts, educational programmes and children's programmes. Yle's services to the public also cover special interest and minority groups.