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Saimaa ringed seal nest count begins

Experts say snowy conditions this winter could have helped boost numbers of the endangered mammals.

Saimaannorpan poikanen kurkistaa lumisen luodon takaa.
A Saimaa ringed seal cub on top of the ice of lake Saimaa. Image: Jouni Koskela
Yle News

The annual count of endangered Saimaa ringed seal nests has begun. The count aims to provide an estimate of how many ringed seal pups were born over the winter.

More than 100 people, many of whom are volunteers from the Saimaa region, will take part in the process, which lasts for a few weeks.

There are thought to be around 420 Saimaa ringed seals in total living in lake Saimaa in eastern Finland. The endangered species relies on thick snow cover to build nests to protect its pups, which tend to be born in February.

Experts at national forestry and wildlife agency Metsähallitus estimate that snowy conditions this winter mean that the seal population could grow by up to 20 individuals.

Last winter, mild conditions saw the weakest snow and ice conditions in Saimaa in over 40 years. Volunteers shovelled snow to produce man-made drifts for the seals to nest in, but at least nine pups are known to have died.

Saimaa seals are regularly killed by drowning after becoming tangled in fishing nets in the lake.

Earlier this month, conservationists hit out at a fishing ban on the lake which they believe does not go far enough to protect the species.

"We build snowbanks [for nesting] and will in future make artificial dens to the extent that we can. But it's a waste of society's resources that each summer young seals die in amateur fishers' nets after they have been nurtured in artificial snowbanks all spring," said University of Eastern Finland Research Fellow Mervi Kunnasranta, who leads a seal research team.

Female Saimaa seals and their pups remain in their nests until the spring thaw, when the pups are weaned.

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