Helsinki is the capital of Finland and is the country’s largest city. It is in the southern Finnish region of Uusimaa, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland.
Helsinki has a population of around 630,000, with a total population of over 1.4 million in the capital region, which is the most populous urban area in Finland. Helsinki is around 80 kilometres (50 miles) north of Tallinn, 400 km (250 miles) east of Stockholm, and 390 km (240 miles) west of Saint Petersburg. Helsinki has close historical ties with all three cities.
The greater Helsinki area is the most northerly metropolitan region to have a population of over one million, and is the northernmost capital city within the European Union.
The nearby municipality of Vantaa is the location of Helsinki Airport, with frequent service to various destinations in Europe and Asia.
In 2009, Helsinki was chosen as the World Design Capital for 2012. The city was the venue for the 1952 Summer Olympics and for the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest in 2007.
In its 2011 Quality of Life survey, Monocle magazine ranked Helsinki number one on its list of the 25 “most liveable” cities in the world. And in The Economist magazine’s Global Liveability Ranking of 2016, Helsinki came in at ninth place among 140 cities.
The Finnish landscape is blanketed in thick pine forests and rolling hills, with a vast labyrinth of lakes and inlets. Much of the country consists of pristine and protected land and waterways, with 40 national parks from the southern shores of the Gulf of Finland to the high fells of Lapland.
Read more about Helsinki on myhelsinki.fi.