FI – Englanti, pitkä oppimäärä

16.9.2020

Koe koostuu neljästä osasta: kuullun ymmärtäminen, luetun ymmärtäminen, sanasto ja rakenteet sekä kirjallinen tuottaminen.

Voit tehdä tehtävät haluamassasi järjestyksessä. Noudata tehtäväkohtaisia vastaamisohjeita. Voit muuttaa antamiasi vastauksia koska tahansa kokeen aikana. Varaa aikaa kuullun ymmärtämisen tehtävien tekemiseen yhteensä noin 1 tunti.

Älä jätä mitään merkintöjä sellaisen tehtävän vastaukselle varattuun tilaan, jota et halua jättää arvosteltavaksi.

Onnea kokeeseen!

Part I: Listening Comprehension

Koe sisältää kuullunymmärtämisen tehtäviä.

 
Äänen voimakkuutta voit säätää ruudun oikeasta yläkulmasta.

1. Foodie Calls 9 p.

You will hear a news item on a recent study. You can listen to the recording twice, first straight through and then in two shorter sections. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for questions 1.1. and 1.2. Choose the best alternative for question 1.3.
01:33
The whole recording
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

1.1. Mitä tutkimuksessa selvitettiin? 3 p.

 

1.2. Miksi tutkimus rajattiin heteronaisiin? 3 p.

 
00:57
The passage related to questions 1.1. and 1.2.
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

1.3. What kind of people are most likely to engage in the behavior described in the study? 3 p.

 
00:37
The passage related to question 1.3.
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

2. Going Vegan (video) 18 p.

This is a vlog episode made by Claire, who decided to go vegan. You can play the video as many times as you want to. Read the questions carefully and choose the best alternative for each item.

2.1. Why did Claire decide to make this video? 3 p.

 

2.2. Why did Claire buy non-vegan products as well? 3 p.

 

2.3. Besides muscle twinges, why did Claire decide to revert to meat eating? 3 p.

 

2.4. What made Claire frightened? 3 p.

 

2.5. What does Claire say about being vegan in Ireland? 3 p.

 

2.6. What is Claire’s view on the ethical side of veganism? 3 p.

 

3. Glacier Researcher 6 p.

You will hear Dustin Sweet, a young geologist talk about his work. You will hear the recording twice. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for each question.

3.1. Mitä Dustin Sweet ja hänen kollegansa yrittävät selvittää muinaisista trooppisista vuoristojäätiköistä? 3 p.

 

3.2. Minkä ymmärtämisessä tutkittavan asian selvittäminen auttaisi? 3 p.

 
00:34
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

4. How to Velvet Meat (video) 9 p.

You want to cook some Chinese food and find this video tutorial that will help you do it. You can play the video as many times as you want to. Read the questions carefully and choose the best alternative for each item.

4.1. What does “velveting” do to meat? 3 p.

 

4.2. What is similar in both methods? 3 p.

 

4.3. Why does the speaker favour the first method? 3 p.

 

5. Blockchain 6 p.

You will hear a brief explanation of how blockchain technology, which is used for example in cryptocurrencies, works. You can listen to the recording twice. Listen to the recording and answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for each question.

5.1. Mikä helpottaa muutosten jäljittämistä lohkoketjussa? 3 p.

 

5.2. Miten tiedon tallentaminen lohkoketjuun eroaa vanhasta kirjanpitotekniikasta? 3 p.

 
01:13
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

6. Song Lyrics 12 p.

You will hear four excerpts from different songs. You can listen to each excerpt twice. Please select the picture that best matches with the lyrics of each song.
Material
  1. Pictures

6.1. Queen: “Spread Your Wings” 3 p.

00:29
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

6.2. Katie Melua: “The Bit That I Don’t Get” 3 p.

00:23
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

6.3. Alison Krauss & Union Station: “Foolish Heart” 3 p.

00:23
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

6.4. Billy Joel: “Get It Right the First Time” 3 p.

00:30
The whole recording
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

7. Butterfly Invasion 8 p.

The following recording is a conversation between Ellen and David about butterflies. The recording is divided into four segments: you can listen to the recording once all the way through, and you can listen to each segment twice. Pay attention to tone of voice, and for the phrases in bold, choose the option that best describes the feeling or attitude being expressed.
00:41
The whole recording
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.
Ellen:Hey, we should visit the park this weekend.
David:Why should we visit the park?

7.1. David is 2 p.

 
00:08
The passage related to question 7.1.
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.
Ellen:Butterflies.
David:Butterflies?

7.2. David is 2 p.

 
00:06
The passage related to question 7.2.
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.
Ellen:Yeah! There’s been an invasion of butterflies called “Painted Ladies”. It’s quite a sight apparently. There are hundreds of them flitting around there in the botanical gardens. They travel all the way here from North Africa.
David:Oh, I read about those!

7.3. David is expressing: 2 p.

 
00:20
The passage related to question 7.3.
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.
Ellen:Well let’s go and see them.
David:Okay, but not this weekend. It’s going to rain.
Ellen:Well let’s see how it goes. You always think it’s going to rain.

7.4. Ellen sounds 2 p.

 
00:13
The passage related to question 7.4.
2 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

8. Train Disruption 9 p.

The following recording is an announcement at a train station. Read the questions, listen to the recording, and choose the option that seems to be the best answer. You may listen to the recording three times.

8.1. What has caused the disruption to the train service? 3 p.

 

8.2. How will passengers get to Durham? 3 p.

 

8.3. What will happen to passengers travelling to Huddersfield and Manchester? 3 p.

 
00:48
The whole recording
3 kuuntelukertaa jäljellä.

9. Protesting 12 p.

You are taking part in a demonstration for an environmental cause on a study exchange. It is your first time participating in a protest, and you ask for advice from a seasoned protester. You will hear his reply twice, first straight through and then in shorter sections. Listen to the recording and select the best alternative or answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for questions 9.2., 9.3. and 9.4.
02:04
The whole recording
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

9.1. Mikä seuraavista voisi olla “traditional public forum”? 2 p.

 

9.2. Mitä mielenosoituksen osallistuja voi tehdä halutessaan varmistua sen laillisuudesta? 3 p.

 
01:02
The passage related to questions 9.1. and 9.2.
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

9.3. Missä tapauksessa mielenosoituksen järjestäjien pitäisi ottaa yhteys juristiin? 3 p.

 

9.4. Miksi kansalaistottelemattomuus voi olla hyödyllistä? Mainitse 2 asiaa. 4 p.

 
01:03
The passage related to questions 9.3. and 9.4.
1 kuuntelukerta jäljellä.

Part II: Reading Comprehension

10. Matt Preston’s Guide to All Things Meringue 9 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions.

10.1. How are Eton and meringue related? 3 p.

 

10.2. What is described as characteristic of Eton graduates? 3 p.

 

10.3. Which of the following is Eton Mess? 3 p.

 

11. Fun in the 1800s 24 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions.

11.1. What is said about the snake? 3 p.

 

11.2. What best describes the events on a typical Sunday, according to the narrator? 3 p.

 

11.3. What was special about the General Store? 3 p.

 

11.4. What affected the severity of the sentences if somebody was killed in a gunfight? 3 p.

 

11.5. What could happen in the baseball matches? 3 p.

 

11.6. What is midway? 3 p.

 

11.7. What was the purpose of the chalk strip? 3 p.

 

11.8. Which word best characterizes the text as a whole? 3 p.

 

12. Women on the Verge 15 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions. Underlined parts in the text are related to task 16.

12.1. What does Greta do to harass Frances? 3 p.

 

12.2. How is the film described? 3 p.

 

12.3. What does the writer like about the film? 3 p.

 

12.4. What is the tone of the text? 3 p.

 

12.5. What is said about Isabelle Huppert? 3 p.

 

13. Skeuomorphs 6 p.

Read the text carefully and then answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for each question.

13.1. Miksi sähkökynttilät ja roskapöntön kuva tietokoneen ruudulla mainitaan esimerkkeinä skeuomorfeista? 3 p.

 

13.2. Miksi kännykkäkamera mainitaan esimerkkinä skeuomorfista? 3 p.

 

14. Affable Apes 15 p.

Read the text carefully and choose the alternative that best suits the context and meaning.

Affable apes live longer, study shows

Male chimps that are less aggressive and form strong social bonds tend to live longer, research suggests.

A study of hundreds of captive chimpanzees showed that males that

 
 
trust their captors
are favoured by females
get along with others
3 p. – by being sensitive, protective and cooperative – outlived their less amiable peers.
The team, led by researchers at the University of Edinburgh, found that, contrary to studies of humans and other primates, 3 p. had no impact on chimpanzees’ longevity.

Extraversion is frequently associated with longer life in other nonhuman primates, while conscientiousness and neuroticism are associated with longer and shorter life, respectively, in humans.

Using personality and survival data from 538 chimpanzees – our closest ape relative – the study tested

 
 
which characteristics of the group
which features of their environment
which aspects of their personalities
3 p. were associated with longevity.

Results suggest that amongst male chimps, evolution has favoured those that are more agreeable.

Researchers also found some evidence that female chimps

 
 
who had male protection
who demonstrated openness
who adapted well to captivity
3 p. – those who more readily explored and adapted to changes in their physical and social environments – were more likely to live longer.

The researchers, including colleagues from the US and Japan, assessed chimps’ personalities based on a questionnaire of common adjectives and chimpanzee behaviours completed by keepers and researchers who worked with these animals for between seven and 24 years.

The chimps lived in zoos, research facilities and sanctuaries located in the UK, US, Netherlands, Australia and Japan.

The findings suggest that links between personality and lifespan in people may not be entirely explained by inherent characteristics,

 
 
but that our behaviour may play a greater part
but that physical environment also has a role
but that social stress can become harmful
3 p.. Drew Altschul from the University of Edinburgh said: “Studying the personality of chimps – one of our closest biological relatives – suggests that the quality of our social relationships can significantly impact our lives.”

15. Product Promises 18 p.

Read the texts carefully and then answer the questions in Finnish. Please write a concise answer not exceeding 80 characters for each question.

Receipt

Material
  1. Image: Receipt

15.1. Missä tapauksessa asiakas voi saada rahansa takaisin kuitissa kuvatusta tuotteesta? 3 p.

 

Allergy Tested

15.2. Miten tuotteen kerrotaan vaikuttavan? 3 p.

 

Free Ice Cream

15.3. Mistä Thorntonin liikkeestä ilmaisen jäätelön voi hakea? 3 p.

 

15.4. Millaisen ilmaisen jäätelön kuitilla saa? 3 p.

 

In the Blur of the 90s

15.5. Ketkä saivat ostaa lippuja keikkapäivän alkuiltapäivästä lähtien? 3 p.

 

15.6. Miten ostetun lipun myyntiä eteenpäin oli rajoitettu? 3 p.

 

Part III: Grammar and Vocabulary

16. Women on the Verge 7 p.

What words could replace the underlined words in the text? Choose the alternative that best fits the context and conveys a similar meaning. The same text is used for Reading Comprehension task 12 (material 12. A).

16.1. Frances has now moved to New York, where she works as a waitress at an upscale restaurant and shares an apartment with Erica, her roommate from college. 1 p.

 

16.2. If you must be a dingbat, make the ding look good. 1 p.

 

16.3. A baking scene, for example, is filmed with intimate care, priming us for the sudden deployment of a pastry cutter as a weapon of war. 1 p.

 

16.4. One condition of this noble genre is that a person in jeopardy must at every turn pursue the most D-brained course of action. It’s not enough to do the foolish thing; strenuous attempts should also be made to avoid doing the sensible thing. 1 p.

 

16.5. After a lull in hostilities, Frances deliberately re-starts them by returning to Greta’s house, to sift through her garbage for clues. 1 p.

 

16.6. At one point, she is seized by the urge to stab someone in the neck with a syringe, but, rather than creeping up, she skips toward her victim. 1 p.

 

16.7. Greta could have been a monster, or a mere pest, yet Huppert transmutes her into a palpable oddball: mad, bad, and delectable to know. 1 p.

 

17. Strange Newspaper Clips 7 p.

This is a random collection of slightly funny and illogical newspaper clips. Choose the best alternative for each item.

17.1. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

Drop in shark attacks blamed

 
 
in
on
by
recession.

17.2. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

‘We hate math,’ say 4 in 10 – a

 
 
minor
majority
most
of Americans.

17.3. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

Statistics

 
 
show
shown
are shown
that teen pregnancy drops off significantly after age 25.

17.4. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

China

 
 
may be
needs no
has made
using sea to hide its submarines.

17.5. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

What should cost

 
 
less
little
fewer
: a gallon of gas or a gallon of milk?

17.6. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

State population to double

 
 
by 2040
at 2040
in 2040
; babies to blame.

17.7. Choose the best alternative. 1 p.

Readers may have noticed that the Valley News misspelled its own name on yesterday’s front page. Given

 
 
what
which
that
we routinely call on other institutions to hold themselves accountable for their mistakes, let us say for the record: We sure feel silly.

18. Mystery of Roman Glass Shard 10 p.

Fill in the blanks in English using suggestions.

Mystery of Chedworth’s Roman glass shard solved

A fragment from a Roman bottle so rare that it has taken glass experts from around the world two years to conclusively identify it thousands of miles from where it was made.

The uncovering at Chedworth Roman Villa in Gloucestershire of the small shard of patterned green glass, part of fish bottle, has astonished archaeologists.

Nothing like it has ever been found in Britain. It in an area around the Black Sea in what is now Ukraine and was possibly used to hold exotic perfume.

Nancy Grace, the National Trust archaeologist who led the work to investigate the find, said it had puzzled lots of people. “People have been enchanted by the shard, but it has also been a long and difficult journey,” she said. “To have found that it is the only one so far discovered in Roman Britain to our knowledge of the importance of Chedworth Roman Villa.”

It is known that the villa was home to somebody of wealth and status. The fabulously exotic fish bottle from so far away underlines that the occupants were in touch with the furthest regions of the Roman Empire and wanted to that influence.

The shard was found in the summer of 2017 and it was sent to one of the leading experts in Roman glass, the late professor Jennifer Price, who in turn from other glass experts around the world.

Peter Moore, an archaeologist and master’s student at the University of York who was helping with a dig at the villa, found the fragment. “Knowing that you are the first person to gaze upon it for at least 1,800 years is a feeling that never tires,” he said. “Recovering such a unique find is incredibly .”

The fragment is going at the villa from Tuesday as part of the villa’s festival of archaeology and will be seen throughout the summer.

Part IV: Production

19. Production 99 p.

Vastaa yhteen kohdista 19.1–19.4.

Write a composition of 700–1,300 characters on one of the topics below, following the instructions. Spaces and line breaks are not included in the character count. Please note that the limit is 1,300 characters not words.

Leave the three other text fields empty.

19.1. The Future of the Olympic Games
99 p.

This was supposed to be the year of the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee wants to hear how young people see the future of the games. Write an essay about your vision of the future of the Olympic Games.
 

19.2. International Year of Plant Health: what it means to me 99 p.

The year 2020 is the International Year of Plant Health. Write an opinion piece to an online newspaper on the topic. You may use the quote by Minister Leppä as inspiration.
 

19.3. Motivational letter 99 p.

You are applying to universities in the UK, and you need to include a motivational letter in your application. In the letter you should:
  • briefly describe your previous study experience and what you have learnt from it
  • discuss your strengths and weaknesses
  • convince the reader why you would be the right kind of student for their institution
Write your letter.
 

19.4. It was a dark and stormy night 99 p.

Continue the story.
 

Sources

  1. Source: https://static.scientificamerican.com/sciam/cache/file/B5BE9301-B53F-4D48-94F20916EA6A3E4B_source.jpg?w=590&h=800&6346A9DF-F2EC-4DE1-BD5CFFE60F76930C. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  2. Source: Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/certain-personality-types-are-likely-to-make-a-foodie-call/. Published: 13.8.2019. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  3. Source: https://glacierhub.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Chimborazo-and-Fields-Near-Calshi.jpg. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  4. Source: Texas Tech University, College of Arts & Sciences. https://www.depts.ttu.edu/artsandsciences/podcast/audio/Sweet_Glacier_Mixdown_1.mp3. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  5. Source: https://asialinja.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/blockchain.jpg. Accessed: 20.8.2019.
  6. Source: What is BLOCKCHAIN? The best explanation of blockchain technology. Lucas Mostazo. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xGLc-zz9cA. Published: 14.1.2018. Accessed: 20.8.2019.
  7. Source: Queen – Spread Your Wings (Official Video). Queen Official. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyd6OLyhPJo. Published: 26.8.2008. Accessed: 3.6.2019.
  8. Source: Katie Melua – The Bit That I Don’t Get. DramaticoMusic. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Utx8-sZt9iM. Published: 17.2.2012. Accessed: 3.6.2019.
  9. Source: Alison Krauss & Union Station – Foolish Heart. BluegrassLibrary. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mb6-xg_Sm6I. Published: 13.8.2008. Accessed: 3.6.2019.
  10. Source: Billy Joel – Get It Right the First Time (audio). Billy Joel. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ccdC_EPih2E. Published: 22.3.2013. Accessed: 3.6.2019.
  11. Source: https://butterfly-conservation.org/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2018-05/Painted%20Lady%20UPUR1_Ian%20H%20Leach.jpg. Accessed: 26.8.2019.
  12. Source: YTL.
  13. Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/EMU_350403_at_Edinburgh_Waverley.jpg. Accessed: 25.8.2019.
  14. Source: YTL.
  15. Source: ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/hold-a-legal-and-meaningful-protest-127778. Published: 3.7.2019. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  16. Source: https://s-ec.bstatic.com/images/hotel/max1024x768/183/183998475.jpg. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  17. Source: https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/KXyr4ewAlFI3bDHq-V_QgkXNnY4=/0x0:4912x3264/920x613/filters:focal(1907x1110:2691x1894):format(webp)/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_image/image/53859951/Beacon1Sidewalk.0.jpg. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  18. Source: https://stageandsound.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/small-stage.jpg. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  19. Source: https://image.freepik.com/free-photo/warehouse-stograge-with-stacked-boxes-rows_79295-10773.jpg. Accessed: 16.8.2019.
  20. Source: https://realfood.tesco.com/recipes/eton-mess-semifreddo.html. Accessed: 10.5.2019.
  21. Source: https://www.bbc.com/food/recipes/etonmess_81082. Accessed: 10.5.2019.
  22. Source: https://www.eggs.ca/recipes/strawberry-pavlova. Accessed: 10.5.2019.
  23. Source: Science Daily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181009114951.htm. Published: 8.10.2018. Accessed: 4.8.2019.
  24. Source: https://fi.pinterest.com/proflovegroove/hilarious-headlines/. Accessed: 6.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  25. Source: https://fi.pinterest.com/pin/449797081504060803/?lp=true. Accessed: 6.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  26. Source: https://list25.com/25-unintentionally-funny-newspaper-headlines/3/. Accessed: 9.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  27. Source: https://fi.pinterest.com/pin/449797081504060803/?lp=true. Accessed: 6.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  28. Source: https://fi.pinterest.com/pin/449797081504060803/?lp=true. Accessed: 6.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  29. Source: https://bestlifeonline.com/funniest-newspaper-headlines-of-all-time/. Accessed: 6.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  30. Source: https://www.dailyedge.ie/best-newspaper-magazine-errors-939340-Jun2013/. Accessed: 9.9.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  31. Source: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/jul/22/mystery-of-chedworth-1800-year-old-roman-glass-shard-solved. Accessed: 16.9.2019. Adapted.
  32. Source: https://www.olympic.org/tokyo-2020. Accessed: 16.6.2019.
  33. Source: https://www.ippc.int/en/news/a-year-to-celebrate-plants-un-proclaims-2020-the-international-year-of-plant-health/. Accessed: 28.5.2019. Adaptation: YTL.
  34. Source: https://www.britishcouncil.pk/sites/default/files/styles/bc-landscape-800x450/public/going_to_university_in_the_uk.jpg?itok=gcR9Haca. Accessed: 16.6.2019.
  35. Source: https://www.penguinrandomhouseaudio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/PRHA_StormyNight.jpg. Accessed: 16.6.2019.
  36. Source: https://bramanswanderings.files.wordpress.com/2018/01/dark-1.jpg. Accessed: 16.6.2019.

Tarkista, että vastasit ohjeiden mukaiseen määrään tehtäviä. Älä jätä mitään merkintöjä sellaisen tehtävän vastaukselle varattuun tilaan, jota et halua jättää arvosteltavaksi.