"Science loses out, and society loses out. We won't get the best minds if recruitment is based on gender, and women's skills aren't used," said Liisa Husu, a researcher at the University of Helsinki.
Some universities are working to bridge the gap by mentoring female researchers and promoting women for professorships. But in spite of the low number of female professors, the Finnish Union of University Professors does not support quotas for hiring women.
Women won the right to freely study in Finland just over 100 years ago. Finland's first female professor, Alma Söderhjelm, began work in 1927.