The Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK) says higher education in Finland should increasinlgy train tomorrow's environmental problem solvers and fewer arts majors.
Finland has said it wants to be carbon neutral by 2035, which is why the country is in a hurry to guide the economy towards this goal, according to EK director Riikka Heikinheimo, who said she wants to overhaul higher education with this target in mind.
"Moving towards carbon neutrality affects all business areas," she said.
According to Heikinheimo, Finland risks not having enough interdisciplinary professionals.
Dreams and funding dilemmas
Institutes of higher education are in quadrennial funding talks with the Education Ministry through Midsummer. These discussions will also outline degree programme goals.
"This is when the goals for the coming years are locked in," Heikinheimo explained.
Finland has an oversupply of social science and arts programmes, according to the business lobby. Based on feedback from its members, the EK said it would like to see more students pursue courses in production engineering, marketing analytics, artificial intelligence and circular economies.
Aalto University president Ilkka Niemelä said Finland should open up more spots at universities for prospective students.
In 2019, some 100,000 applicants were turned away by Finnish universities, amid calls to ease access to higher education. Finland is one of Europe's most highly selective countries for university admissions
"It’s a question of where to add study positions," Niemelä said, adding that Aalto’s findings show future education needs in line with those expressed by the EK.
He, however, didn’t see resources flowing from the arts into technical programmes.
Projections to increase graduates
The government’s '2030 education vision' sees 50 percent of each age group graduating from higher education. This figure now stands at around 40 percent.
Higher education now gets a 2.8 billion-euro slice of the annual state budget, with 1.9 billion euros earmarked for universities and 900 million going to the country’s network of universities of applied sciences.
EK’s Heikinheimo said Finland needs 'tens of millions more' to make a difference. Niemelä was on the same page, saying somewhat more could be achieved with current resources through scaling and digitalisation, but only 'marginally'.
SYL, the National Union of University Students, has meanwhile pointed out that additional study places can't be added to existing programmes without more funding to maintain the quality of education.