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Finland’s per-capita net payments to EU nearly doubled last year to €105

As one of the bloc's wealthier member states, Finland has been a net payer into the EU since 2001.

Eu:n lippu maalattuna nuoren naisen kasvoihin.
Finland is among the half-dozen countries that pay the most per capita into EU coffers. Image: Stephanie Lecoqo / EPA

Last year EU membership cost Finland about 105 euros per capita. The country paid 580 million euros more into the EU budget than it received out of it in direct compensations.

As one of the bloc's more affluent member states, Finland has been a net payer into the EU since 2001, six years after it joined.

According to figures released by the Finnish Finance Ministry on Wednesday, net payment into EU coffers per Finn came to 105 euros last year, up from 50 euros in 2017.

That year the nation made net payments of 275 million euros to the bloc. However the ministry notes that the 2017 figure was historically low, and that last year's payments marked a return to around the long-term average.

Last year's payments corresponded to a quarter of a percent of Finland's GDP, whereas 2017 the figure was 0.12 percent.

Sixth-highest net contributions per person

Ministry officials say that EU membership generates considerable benefits that cannot be calculated in terms of absolute euros.

"As a rich EU country, Finland is clearly a net payer. However according to recent studies, EU membership has benefited Finland in many different ways. It has supported economic growth, creating thousands of new jobs. Foreign trade has grown thanks to the expanded internal markets, which have enabled specialisation, spurred competition and improved productivity," Senior Ministerial Adviser Panu Kukkonen said in a statement.

Last year Finland's payments of just over two billion euros accounted for 1.65 percent of the whole EU budget, while it claimed 1.13 percent of payments to member states.

Last year Denmark was the biggest per-capita net contributor to the EU, with the average citizen paying 207 euros, or nearly twice as much as the average Finn. It was followed by Germany (€162), Austria (€152), then Sweden, the Netherlands and Finland.

The largest per-capita net beneficiaries were Lithuania (€609), Hungary (€533) and Latvia (€503), the ministry said.

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