The Austrian capital displaced Melbourne from the top spot in its ranking, which assesses which cities are the best—or worst—places to live. Encompassing 140 major cities, the annual ranking examines dozens of factors related to societal stability, healthcare, culture, environment, education and infrastructure.
Osaka came in third place while two other Australian cities, Sydney and Adelaide, made it into the top 10. Last year Helsinki was still in the top 10 at number nine, but this time Copenhagen was the only Nordic city to make it. Helsinki now occupies 16th place.
Damascus in war-torn Syria, Bangladeshi capital Dhaka and Nigeria's Lagos were the worst-scoring locations, according to the Economist’s index, which looks at aspects of city life, including crime, censorship, public education and traffic congestion.
Other poorly performing cities include Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea, as well as the Zimbabwean capital Harare.